One of the most prevalent causes of acid reflux is Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD). This illness is characterised by the reflux of stomach liquids into the oesophagus. It can cause damage and irritation to the lining of your oesophagus if consumed. Pepsin and stomach acid are found in the liquid that is refluxed. Proteins in our stomach are broken down by pepsin, an enzyme. When the duodenum, which connects the small intestines to the stomach, overflows, the regurgitated liquid may also contain bile. Acid is the most harmful component of acid reflux.
Acid Reflux is a long-term illness that requires treatment for the rest of one’s life. An damage to the esophageal lining results in a long-term condition. GERD and its symptoms will recur if treatment is not continued.
Acid reflux can be countered by the body’s own defence mechanisms. Because the refluxed liquid may freely flow back into the stomach when a person is laying down or lying supine, this is the most common position for reflux to occur.
Whether or whether they are experiencing reflux, those who are awake repeatedly swallow. A person’s stomach is filled with reflux fluids when he or she eats or drinks. Saliva containing bicarbonate is produced by the salivary glands and goes to the oesophagus with each swallow. As a buffer for the small amount of acid that remains in the oesophagus, bicarbonate serves as a diuretic.
In fact, most people have some degree of reflux of stomach liquids into the oesophagus. GERD sufferers and healthy people both suffer from frequent reflux, according to one study. For those suffering with GERD, refluxed liquid includes more acid and stays in their oesophagus for longer.
Acid reflux can occur in people with certain medical disorders. Hormone levels can rise in people with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). If you believe you have gastroesophageal reflux disease, you should see a doctor.