Technology News Fraunhofer’s new H.266 codec promises to sever the worth of streaming 4K video in half – The Verge

Technology News

The Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute, the electrical engineering and computer science division of the esteemed German research organization, on Tuesday presented VVC, a new video codec identical outdated that promises to utter spherical 50 percent efficiency good points in streaming video compression.

The codec’s paunchy name is H.266/Versatile Video Coding, as Fraunhofer says it’s designed to be a successor to the alternate-identical outdated H.264/Evolved Video Coding (AVC) and H.265/High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) formats that combined compose up about 90 percent of global digital video transmission and compression accessible on the market on the present time. While HEVC used to be first launched in 2013, the codec has proved controversial due to aggressive patent disputes from its a form of stakeholders. That’s why AVC, the predecessor to HEVC, unruffled stays the extra dominant identical outdated, despite first releasing abet in 2003.

But Fraunhofer says VVC is normally a path forward for the alternate, as virtually every foremost hardware and machine firm is currently tied up in a messy patent royalty arrangement that dictates how much a form of stakeholders must pay to make utilize of change compression and transmission requirements for units, web sites, and apps. With VVC, Fraunhofer says that you simply may perchance presumably presumably also bring together one thing quite a bit better than AVC and HEVC with none of the licensing complications.

“Thru a sever worth of files necessities, H.266/VVC makes video transmission in cell networks (the build aside files ability is shrimp) extra ambiance friendly. For event, the outdated identical outdated H.265/HEVC requires 10 gigabytes of files to transmit a 90-min UHD video,” reads Fraunhofer’s press release. “With this new abilities, handiest 5 gigabytes of files are required to attain the identical quality. As a result of H.266/VVC used to be developed with extremely-excessive-resolution video jabber in mind, the brand new identical outdated is very counseled when streaming 4K or 8K videos on a flat show TV. Furthermore, H.266/VVC is perfect for all styles of interesting images: from excessive-resolution 360° video panoramas to show sharing contents.”

Fraunhofer’s guardian organization — the Fraunhofer Society, which is created from many smaller institutes like Fraunhofer HHI and others — is greatest known on this planet of digital media requirements because the creator of the MP3. It moreover contributed heavily to the introduction of J.264 and H.265. So the research organization straightforward job has a storied and successful history working in files compression. But Fraunhofer would no longer mention in its press release the existence of AV1, an birth-source and royalty-free competitor to the HEVC identical outdated created by the Begin Media Alliance, which involves all five foremost US tech giants after Apple signed on in early 2018. AV1 and its predecessor, VP9, are integral for streaming 4K jabber from platforms like YouTube, so it’s likely these requirements will continue to compete for future years abet.

It’s no longer definite to what extent AV1, AVC, HEVC, and VVC will all coexist at some point, nonetheless Fraunhofer claims the Media Coding Industry Discussion board — the alternate consortium to which it belongs alongside Apple, Sony, and others — is currently working toward chip designs to improve VVC on the hardware diploma. “This autumn Fraunhofer HHI will put up the first machine (for each encoder and decoder) to improve H.266/VVC,” Thomas Schierl, head of the Video Coding and Analytics division at Fraunhofer HHI, stated in a relate.

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