Health and Disease informationUlcer

Ulcerative Colitis | Ischemic Colitis

Ischemic colitis is an illness in which part of the colon and large intestine becomes inflamed. The cause is usually a disturbance or decline in blood flow to the colon. This can interfere with the normal function of the colon.

Most cases of ischemic colitis cause mild symptoms but the condition may become acute. If the starvation of oxygen-rich blood is long term, critical damage can be the outcome and the lining of the colon becomes ulcerated. This can be a life-threatening condition. Any part of the colon can be affected in ischemic colitis but the severe stomach pain is felt on the left side of the abdomen.

Ischemic colitis, otherwise known as colonic ischemia usually occurs in over the fifties and is one of the most frequent medical conditions of the large bowel and cause of bowel dysfunction. Symptoms of ischemic colitis include severe stomach pain, blood in the bowel causing blood in the stools or bleeding in-between times, bowel urgency, vomiting, and nausea.

Ischemic colitis may be linked to certain medicines or other medical conditions, including vasculitis, hernia, diabetes mellitus, and hypercoagulable state and radiation treatment to the stomach. The prescription drug Lotronex, which is used on women, in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome carries a warning that it may be linked to serious conditions like ischemic colitis. Abdominal surgery is another cause of ischemic colitis. Bacterial infections, parasites, and viruses can also trigger cases of ischemic colitis.

Diagnostic procedures include a colonoscopy which is considered the best test for identifying ischemic colitis. It rules out other causes such as inflammatory bowel disease, diverticulitis, and colon cancer. A biopsy may also be performed at the same time. This allows for the detection of swelling or bleeding in mucosal layers of the colon. Other tests include x-rays of the stomach and pelvis, abdominal arteriogram, MRI, CT scans, blood tests, and stool samples.

Ischemic colitis complications may include Gangrene, intestinal obstruction, intestinal pain, and bleeding, and colon cancer.

Treatment is dependent upon the seriousness of the illness. If it is mild, medications may be prescribed to keep the blood pressure normal which will make it easy for the blood to flow to the colon. Antibiotics will be given to prevent further infections developing and underlying health problems will be treated.

In mild cases of Ischemic colitis, symptoms usually fade away within twenty-four to forty-eight hours and hospitalization is not necessary, except in the case of dehydration. Food needs to be restricted for a few days to allow the intestines to rest and to renew intestinal health.

Ischemic colitis surgery may be necessary if there is severe and persistent stomach pain and fever or a localized constriction in the arteries has developed. Surgery will also be recommended if there is bleeding related to ulcers occurs or in the case of a perforated colon. Surgical resection to remove the diseased part of the colon will be performed at the same time.

There are no established preventive methods for ischemic colitis. On the other hand, if you have causal conditions linked with a risk of ischemic colitis including high blood pressure and coronary heart disease check you’re getting continual treatment. Also exercise regularly, take cholesterol-lowering medication, stop smoking, and treat high blood pressure.

Back to top button

Adblock Detected

Please consider supporting us by disabling your ad blocker