Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are both inflammatory bowel diseases that share many symptoms. Inflammatory bowel disease is the most common term used to describe these conditions. One or more segments of the intestine may be inflamed by ulcerative colitis on a regular basis. Open sores or ulcers are the result of this inflammation. In contrast to Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis affects exclusively the large intestine, or colon.
Even though ulcerative colitis is a widespread ailment, it has only recently become socially acceptable to talk about it openly. Diarrhea, bloody bowel movements, and frantic visits to the bathroom have been taboo subjects for decades, yet no one wanted to hear about them. The disease of ulcerative colitis comes and goes. There are times when it is very bad and times when it is better.
There are no recognised causes of ulcerative colitis, but stress was long assumed to play a factor. Skin issues, kidney stones, arthritis, and gallstones are all possible side effects of ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease.
Another sign of ulcerative colitis is diarrhoea that is both severe and chronic, as well as faeces that are bloody, pussy, or mucusy. As the ulcers in the gut in ulcerative colitis cause the lining to be damaged, bleeding occurs. The lining of the gut is lined with mucus. It protects the intestines against hard food and dangerous bacteria by lubricating the flow of the contents.
Mucus is secreted in ulcerative colitis as a result of intestinal inflammation. Because of this, the intestine’s tissues produce a lot more as a substitute. Newly formed mucus is found in the blood and diarrhoea that come with ulcerative colitis.
As a result of ulcerative colitis, a yellow or green liquid known as pus may be present. When the ulcers are infected, they become composed of white blood cells and dead bacteria. Additional ulcerative colitis symptoms include fatigue, fever, and stomach discomfort.
It is difficult to diagnose ulcerative colitis since there are so many causes of constant diarrhoea, and most of them are more widespread than ulcerative colitis. Diagnostically, endoscopy is the most helpful procedure for identifying ulcerative colitis. X-rays and blood tests are among the other diagnostic procedures.
Crohn’s disease is incurable, whereas ulcerative colitis is treatable. The therapy of ulcerative colitis includes a wide spectrum of medications. Using these will help control the condition.
Corticosteroids are commonly used to treat ulcerative colitis. The adrenal glands, which are located slightly above the kidneys, create this type of hormone. Since the advent of corticosteroids in ulcerative colitis treatment, the mortality rate for people with ulcerative colitis is only marginally higher than the general population.
Surgery to remove the whole colon, including the rectum, is required to treat ulcerative colitis. Between one-fifth and one-third of those with ulcerative colitis must have their colon removed during surgery. In addition, ulcerative colitis surgery is more likely to be necessary if the disease affects a larger portion of the colon.